Shabbos Bulletin Parshas Tzaria/Metzora 5778
It’s that Shabbos with the vexing problem again: What to say in bentching of Seudah Shlishis on Shabbos Erev Rosh Chodesh?
- Best Option: Don’t eat “pas” (challah, bread, cake) after sheki’ah, and only say “retzei”.
- Next Option: If you did eat “pas”, but not past 20 minutes after sheki’ah, only say “retzei”.
- If you did eat “pas” past 20 minutes, you have a problem. Aruch HaShulchan says to say only “retzei”, MB says to say only “ya’aleh veyavoh”, or maybe both. So don’t do this. Exercise that self-control muscle that the Chovohs HaLevavohs is always talking about.
As a public service, we will be shortening Minchah by not saying “Tzidkosscho tzedek,” thus enabling everyone to start their seudah shlishis that much earlier.
Shabbos Bulletin Pesach 5778
♪♫ Hallel at Maariv ♫♪
The general minhag in Eretz Yisrael is to say Hallel Shaleim with a berachah on the first night of Pesach in Shul, b’rov ahm.
It is an exalted time. Yet the urge to sing and praise HaShem slowly and deliberately MUST be balanced against Chazal’s insistence that we do not delay at all the seder of the night, so as to maximize engaging the whole family (and oneself) in the mitzvohs of the evening, and their full meaning and import.
♪♫ Hallel During the Seder ♫♪
Tur writes: Finish Halel, say that last berachah (yehalleluchah) up until the baruch atta at the end; then say hallel hagadol (26 ki l’olom…) and then nishmas, say yishtabach, but conclude yishtabach (after may’atta v’ad olom) with Baruch atta…melech mehullal batishbachos.
The Levush says: No, conclude yishtabach as one normally does.
The Beis Yosef indeed asks on the Tur-why not conclude yishtabach in the normal way? Beis Yosef suggests: Finish Hallel; do NOT say yehalleluchoh; then say Hallel hagadol, nishmas, and yishtabach up until its concluding berachah (until you say may’atta v’ad olom); then say yehaleluchoh and conclude melech mehullal batishbachos.
And so he paskens in Shulchan Aruch.
Aruch haShulchan says: That is what our minhag is
Pri MeGedaim says: do either like the Shulchan Aruch or the Tur, but certainly concluding with melech mehullal batishbachos.
Mishneh Berurah is not machri’a. (see Shaar Tziyun 480:5)
Good luck! and whatever you do, don’t say the berachah twice or make BOTH berachos!
Shabbos Bulletin Parshas Tzav (HaGadol) 5778
Reciting the Hagada on Shabbos HaGadol Afternoon
Rishonim and the Rama in Shulchan Aruch, bring the minhag to say the hagada (from avodim hayeenu to lechaper…) on Shabbos HaGadol afternoon.
There are various reasons given for the minhag—they basically all have to do with the nissim which took place on this Shabbos, some say concerning the Korbon Pesach tied to their beds, some say concerning the battle of the bechorei Mitzrayim with the other Mitzrim.
Teshuvos Maharshal says it is to prepare for the seder night.
There are those who feel it should not be said, questioning the minhag. There are in turn many answers to these questions, upholding the minhag.
It should not be laziness which governs whether or not we say the hagaddah on Shabbos HaGadol —with the opposing tzad as an excuse. This was a normative minhag for most of K’lal Yisrael for many generations—it has its earliest source in Rishonim–do not discard lightly.
Shabbos Bulletin Parshas Vayikra (HaChodesh) 5778
Although we start our calendar year in Tishrei, we count months starting Nissan, which is counted as the first month; Iyar is the second month, and so on. This is because of Yetzi’as Mitzrayim—and the subsequent geeluiy of HaShem and His sovereignty over the world.
ערוך השולחן אורח חיים סימן תכט סעיף א
ומה הוא גדולתו של חדש ניסן מפני שבו היתה יציאת מצרים שבזה נגלה השגחת השי”ת על ברואיו ואותותיו ונפלאותיו ושמשלם רע לרשע כרשעתו ומשלם טוב לאוהביו כמו שהכה לפרעה ולמצרים וגאל את ישראל:
By counting the months from Nissan, we are constantly reminded of the gratitude we must feel–always—over Yetzi’as Mitzrayim and its miracles.
The names we have for the months (instead of numbering them) developed in Bavel, and are Persian names; using those names serves as a reminder of that ge’ulah—i.e, the return to Eretz Yisrael after galus Bavel.